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Planning, Development and Management of Sustainable Cities

1er avril 2019,

MDPI, Numéro spécial issu de la revue Sustainability, 440 pages, avril 2019.

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"Cities are the most dramatic manifestations of human activities on the surface of the earth. These human-dominated organisms—i.e., cities—degrade natural habitats, simplify species composition, disrupt hydrological systems, and modify energy flow and nutrient cycling. Today, these consequential impacts of human activities, originated from population increase, rapid urbanization, high private motor vehicle dependency, deregulated industrialization and mass livestock production, are increasing exponentially and causing great deal of environmental, social, and economic challenges both at global and local scales. In such a situation, establishment of sustainable cities, through sustainable urban development practices, is seen as a potential panacea to combat these challenges responsibly, effectively, and efficiently. This paper offers a critical review of the key literature on the issues relating to planning, development and management of sustainable cities, introduces the contributions from the Special Issue, and speculates on the prospective research directions to place necessary mechanisms to secure a sustainable urban future for all."

"We are all aware that cities around the globe are being redesigned to become more sustainable. Despite significant research progress in sustainability and cities individually, relatively little investigation has been made by integrating the two themes together. At least three types of environment co-exist in a city—i.e., natural, artefact, and social—and each of these generate both positive and negative externalities for a city [98]. As a result, diverse views prevail in relation to the sustainability of cities. Some scholars argue that the term of sustainable cities is an oxymoron since cities cannot be sustainable at all [99]. Others say that the idea is utopian [100]. Others assert that cities will, must, and are becoming more and more sustainable [101]. Against this background, it is possible to state that there has been growing, but still rather limited, research that systematically investigate sustainable cities, and the specific roles planning, development and management plays in their formation, stimulation and sustained success. Given that there is no formula that can unilaterally be applied in all of the urban environments to achieve sustainability, this Special Issue aims to gather diverse views and report progress towards sustainable cities. A fundamental objective of this Special Issue is to compile and present the cutting edge work of researchers who focus on a joined-up thinking of both themes i.e., sustainability and city. By doing so, we believe this Special Issue on “Planning, Development and Management of Sustainable Cities” contributes to the knowledge pool in this area, particularly with new evidence driven from empirical research."

SOMMAIRE

  • Planning, Development and Management of Sustainable Cities : A Commentary from the Guest Editors
  • Critical Connections : The Role of the Built Environment Sector in Delivering Green Cities and a Green Economy
  • Sustainable Urban Transport in the Developing World : Beyond Megacities
  • The Bumpy Road toward Low-Energy Urban Mobility : Case Studies from Two UK Cities
  • Managing Knowledge to Promote Sustainability in Australian Transport Infrastructure Projects
  • Trees in Canadian Cities : Indispensable Life Form for Urban Sustainability
  • Framing Processes in the Envisioning of Low-Carbon, Resilient Cities : Results from Two Visioning Exercises
  • Aligning Public Participation to Stakeholders’ Sustainability Literacy—A Case Study on Sustainable Urban Development in Phoenix, Arizona
  • Spatio-Temporal Features of China’s Urban Fires : An Investigation with Reference to Gross Domestic Product and Humidity
  • Application of Environmental Change Efficiency to the Sustainability of Urban Development at the Neighborhood Level
  • Ecologizing Our Cities : A Particular, Process-Function View of Southern California, from within Complexity
  • Assessing Sustainability of Mixed Use Neighbourhoods through Residents’ Travel Behaviour and Perception : The Case of Nagpur, India
  • Visualization of a City Sustainability Index (CSI) : Towards Transdisciplinary Approaches Involving Multiple Stakeholders
  • Moving towards Sustainability : Road Grades and On-Road Emissions of Heavy-Duty Vehicles—A Case Study
  • Sustainable Water Infrastructure Asset Management : A Gap Analysis of Customer and Service Provider Perspectives
  • The Influence of Low-Frequency Noise Pollution on the Quality of Life and Place in Sustainable Cities : A Case Study from Northern Portugal
  • Typology of Cities Based on City Biodiversity Index : Exploring Biodiversity Potentials and Possible Collaborations among Japanese Cities
  • Incorporating Bio-Physical Sciences into a Decision Support Tool for Sustainable Urban Planning
  • Regional Open Innovation Roadmapping : A New Framework for Innovation-Based Regional Development
  • Scaling-up Strategy as an Appropriate Approach for Sustainable New Town Development ? Lessons from Wujin, Changzhou, China
  • A Framework for Sustainable Urban Water Management through Demand and Supply Forecasting : The Case of Istanbul
  • Neighborhood Sustainability Assessment : Evaluating Residential Development Sustainability in a Developing Country Context

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98. Lang, U. Cultivating the sustainable city : Urban agriculture policies and gardening projects in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Urban Geogr. 2014, 35, 477–485.
99. Rees, W.E. Is “sustainable city” an oxymoron ? Local Environ. 1997, 2, 303–310.
100. Blassingame, L. Sustainable cities : Oxymoron, utopia, or inevitability ? Soc. Sci. J. 1998, 35, 1–13.
101. Camagni, R. ; Capello, R. ; Nijkamp, P. Towards sustainable city policy : An economy-environment technology nexus. Ecol. Econ. 1998, 24, 103–118.

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